Anna Khoreva (Post-Doc)

Dr. Anna Khoreva

Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik
Saarland Informatics Campus
Campus E1 4
66123 Saarbrücken
E1 4 - Room 618
+49 681 9325 2118
+49 681 9325 1899
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Video Object Segmentation with Language Referring Expressions
A. Khoreva, A. Rohrbach and B. Schiele
Technical Report, 2018
(arXiv: 1803.08006)
Most state-of-the-art semi-supervised video object segmentation methods rely on a pixel-accurate mask of a target object provided for the first frame of a video. However, obtaining a detailed segmentation mask is expensive and time-consuming. In this work we explore an alternative way of identifying a target object, namely by employing language referring expressions. Besides being a more practical and natural way of pointing out a target object, using language specifications can help to avoid drift as well as make the system more robust to complex dynamics and appearance variations. Leveraging recent advances of language grounding models designed for images, we propose an approach to extend them to video data, ensuring temporally coherent predictions. To evaluate our method we augment the popular video object segmentation benchmarks, DAVIS'16 and DAVIS'17 with language descriptions of target objects. We show that our approach performs on par with the methods which have access to a pixel-level mask of the target object on DAVIS'16 and is competitive to methods using scribbles on the challenging DAVIS'17 dataset.
Simple Does It: Weakly Supervised Instance and Semantic Segmentation
A. Khoreva, R. Benenson, J. Hosang, M. Hein and B. Schiele
30th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2017), 2017
Learning Video Object Segmentation from Static Images
A. Khoreva, F. Perazzi, R. Benenson, B. Schiele and A. Sorkine-Hornung
30th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2017), 2017
Exploiting Saliency for Object Segmentation from Image Level Labels
S. J. Oh, R. Benenson, A. Khoreva, Z. Akata, M. Fritz and B. Schiele
30th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2017), 2017
Lucid Data Dreaming for Object Tracking
A. Khoreva, R. Benenson, E. Ilg, T. Brox and B. Schiele
DAVIS Challenge on Video Object Segmentation 2017, 2017
Learning to Segment in Images and Videos with Different Forms of Supervision
A. Khoreva, B. Schiele, R. Szeliski and T. Brox
PhD Thesis, Universität des Saarlandes, 2017
Much progress has been made in image and video segmentation over the last years. To a large extent, the success can be attributed to the strong appearance models completely learned from data, in particular using deep learning methods. However,to perform best these methods require large representative datasets for training with expensive pixel-level annotations, which in case of videos are prohibitive to obtain. Therefore, there is a need to relax this constraint and to consider alternative forms of supervision, which are easier and cheaper to collect. In this thesis, we aim to develop algorithms for learning to segment in images and videos with different levels of supervision. First, we develop approaches for training convolutional networks with weaker forms of supervision, such as bounding boxes or image labels, for object boundary estimation and semantic/instance labelling tasks. We propose to generate pixel-level approximate groundtruth from these weaker forms of annotations to train a network, which allows to achieve high-quality results comparable to the full supervision quality without any modifications of the network architecture or the training procedure. Second, we address the problem of the excessive computational and memory costs inherent to solving video segmentation via graphs. We propose approaches to improve the runtime and memory efficiency as well as the output segmentation quality by learning from the available training data the best representation of the graph. In particular, we contribute with learning must-link constraints, the topology and edge weights of the graph as well as enhancing the graph nodes - superpixels - themselves. Third, we tackle the task of pixel-level object tracking and address the problem of the limited amount of densely annotated video data for training convolutional networks. We introduce an architecture which allows training with static images only and propose an elaborate data synthesis scheme which creates a large number of training examples close to the target domain from the given first frame mask. With the proposed techniques we show that densely annotated consequent video data is not necessary to achieve high-quality temporally coherent video segmentationresults. In summary, this thesis advances the state of the art in weakly supervised image segmentation, graph-based video segmentation and pixel-level object tracking and contributes with the new ways of training convolutional networks with a limited amount of pixel-level annotated training data.
Lucid Data Dreaming for Multiple Object Tracking
A. Khoreva, R. Benenson, E. Ilg, T. Brox and B. Schiele
Technical Report, 2017
(arXiv: 1703.09554)
Convolutional networks reach top quality in pixel-level object tracking but require a large amount of training data (1k ~ 10k) to deliver such results. We propose a new training strategy which achieves state-of-the-art results across three evaluation datasets while using 20x ~ 100x less annotated data than competing methods. Instead of using large training sets hoping to generalize across domains, we generate in-domain training data using the provided annotation on the first frame of each video to synthesize ("lucid dream") plausible future video frames. In-domain per-video training data allows us to train high quality appearance- and motion-based models, as well as tune the post-processing stage. This approach allows to reach competitive results even when training from only a single annotated frame, without ImageNet pre-training. Our results indicate that using a larger training set is not automatically better, and that for the tracking task a smaller training set that is closer to the target domain is more effective. This changes the mindset regarding how many training samples and general "objectness" knowledge are required for the object tracking task.
Weakly Supervised Object Boundaries
A. Khoreva, R. Benenson, M. Omran, M. Hein and B. Schiele
29th IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2016), 2016
State-of-the-art learning based boundary detection methods require extensive training data. Since labelling object boundaries is one of the most expensive types of annotations, there is a need to relax the requirement to carefully annotate images to make both the training more affordable and to extend the amount of training data. In this paper we propose a technique to generate weakly supervised annotations and show that bounding box annotations alone suffice to reach high-quality object boundaries without using any object-specific boundary annotations. With the proposed weak supervision techniques we achieve the top performance on the object boundary detection task, outperforming by a large margin the current fully supervised state-of-the-art methods.
Improved Image Boundaries for Better Video Segmentation
A. Khoreva, R. Benenson, F. Galasso, M. Hein and B. Schiele
Computer Vision -- ECCV 2016 Workshops, 2016
Graph-based video segmentation methods rely on superpixels as starting point. While most previous work has focused on the construction of the graph edges and weights as well as solving the graph partitioning problem, this paper focuses on better superpixels for video segmentation. We demonstrate by a comparative analysis that superpixels extracted from boundaries perform best, and show that boundary estimation can be significantly improved via image and time domain cues. With superpixels generated from our better boundaries we observe consistent improvement for two video segmentation methods in two different datasets.
Classifier Based Graph Construction for Video Segmentation
A. Khoreva, F. Galasso, M. Hein and B. Schiele
IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR 2015), 2015
Learning Must-Link Constraints for Video Segmentation Based on Spectral Clustering
A. Khoreva, F. Galasso, M. Hein and B. Schiele
Pattern Recognition (GCPR 2014), 2014