b'@online{Chalermsook/abs/1503.03105,'b'\nTITLE = {Self-Adjusting Binary Search Trees: What Makes Them Tick?},\nAUTHOR = {Chalermsook, Parinya and Goswami, Mayank and Kozma, Laszlo and Mehlhorn, Kurt and Saranurak, Thatchaphol},\nLANGUAGE = {eng},\nURL = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1503.03105},\nEPRINT = {1503.03105},\nEPRINTTYPE = {arXiv},\nYEAR = {2015},\nABSTRACT = {Splay trees (Sleator and Tarjan) satisfy the so-called access lemma. Many of the nice properties of splay trees follow from it. What makes self-adjusting binary search trees (BSTs) satisfy the access lemma? After each access, self-adjusting BSTs replace the search path by a tree on the same set of nodes (the after-tree). We identify two simple combinatorial properties of the search path and the after-tree that imply the access lemma. Our main result (i) implies the access lemma for all minimally self-adjusting BST algorithms for which it was known to hold: splay trees and their generalization to the class of local algorithms (Subramanian, Georgakopoulos and Mc-Clurkin), as well as Greedy BST, introduced by Demaine et al. and shown to satisfy the access lemma by Fox, (ii) implies that BST algorithms based on "strict" depth-halving satisfy the access lemma, addressing an open question that was raised several times since 1985, and (iii) yields an extremely short proof for the O(log n log log n) amortized access cost for the path-balance heuristic (proposed by Sleator), matching the best known bound (Balasubramanian and Raman) to a lower-order factor. One of our combinatorial properties is locality. We show that any BST-algorithm that satisfies the access lemma via the sum-of-log (SOL) potential is necessarily local. The other property states that the sum of the number of leaves of the after-tree plus the number of side alternations in the search path must be at least a constant fraction of the length of the search path. We show that a weak form of this property is necessary for sequential access to be linear.},\n}\n'