@online{Axiotis_arXiv2008.10577,
TITLE = {Fast and Simple Modular Subset Sum},
AUTHOR = {Axiotis, Kyriakos and Backurs, Arturs and Bringmann, Karl and Jin, Ce and Nakos, Vasileios and Tzamos, Christos and Wu, Hongxun},
LANGUAGE = {eng},
URL = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.10577},
EPRINT = {2008.10577},
EPRINTTYPE = {arXiv},
YEAR = {2020},
ABSTRACT = {We revisit the Subset Sum problem over the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_m$ for some given integer $m$. A series of recent works has provided asymptotically optimal algorithms for this problem under the Strong Exponential Time Hypothesis. Koiliaris and Xu (SODA'17, TALG'19) gave a deterministic algorithm running in time $\tilde{O}(m^{5/4})$, which was later improved to $O(m \log^7 m)$ randomized time by Axiotis et al. (SODA'19). In this work, we present two simple algorithms for the Modular Subset Sum problem running in near-linear time in $m$, both efficiently implementing Bellman's iteration over $\mathbb{Z}_m$. The first one is a randomized algorithm running in time $O(m\log^2 m)$, that is based solely on rolling hash and an elementary data-structure for prefix sums; to illustrate its simplicity we provide a short and efficient implementation of the algorithm in Python. Our second solution is a deterministic algorithm running in time $O(m\ \mathrm{polylog}\ m)$, that uses dynamic data structures for string manipulation. We further show that the techniques developed in this work can also lead to simple algorithms for the All Pairs Non-Decreasing Paths Problem (APNP) on undirected graphs, matching the asymptotically optimal running time of $\tilde{O}(n^2)$ provided in the recent work of Duan et al. (ICALP'19).},
}