@online{Kuennemann_arXiv2005.11541,
TITLE = {Finding Small Satisfying Assignments Faster Than Brute Force: {A} Fine-grained Perspective into {B}oolean Constraint Satisfaction},
AUTHOR = {K{\"u}nnemann, Marvin and Marx, D{\'a}niel},
LANGUAGE = {eng},
URL = {https://arxiv.org/abs/2005.11541},
EPRINT = {2005.11541},
EPRINTTYPE = {arXiv},
YEAR = {2020},
MARGINALMARK = {$\bullet$},
ABSTRACT = {To study the question under which circumstances small solutions can be found faster than by exhaustive search (and by how much), we study the fine-grained complexity of Boolean constraint satisfaction with size constraint exactly $k$. More precisely, we aim to determine, for any finite constraint family, the optimal running time $f(k)n^{g(k)}$ required to find satisfying assignments that set precisely $k$ of the $n$ variables to $1$. Under central hardness assumptions on detecting cliques in graphs and 3-uniform hypergraphs, we give an almost tight characterization of $g(k)$ into four regimes: (1) Brute force is essentially best-possible, i.e., $g(k) = (1\pm o(1))k$, (2) the best algorithms are as fast as current $k$-clique algorithms, i.e., $g(k)=(\omega/3\pm o(1))k$, (3) the exponent has sublinear dependence on $k$ with $g(k) \in [\Omega(\sqrt[3]{k}), O(\sqrt{k})]$, or (4) the problem is fixed-parameter tractable, i.e., $g(k) = O(1)$. This yields a more fine-grained perspective than a previous FPT/W[1]-hardness dichotomy (Marx, Computational Complexity 2005). Our most interesting technical contribution is a $f(k)n^{4\sqrt{k}}$-time algorithm for SubsetSum with precedence constraints parameterized by the target $k$ -- particularly the approach, based on generalizing a bound on the Frobenius coin problem to a setting with precedence constraints, might be of independent interest.},
}